What is Courses of Action?
A courses of Action is a step or administrative decision to be taken up for improvement or follow – up for further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. on the basis of the information given in statement
Approach to solve the questions
=> Don’t make your individual perception.
=> Act according to the rules of any organization.
=> Go for impartial and personal thinking.
=> Existing practices are not effective Course of Action.
=> Whenever problem arises, it is always sensible course of action to find out the cause.
Important Points to proceed step by step to reach final courses of action
=> Extreme or strict action is not valid course of action.
=> The actions should be a positive step towards the solution of the problem, rather harsh and undemocratic.
=>Analyses course of action whether it will solve the problem or lessen it. For proper analysis check with
(i) Universal truth
=> Check out practical course of action
=> Simple problem must have simple course of action, not a complex one which might create more problem than to solve or reduce.
=>In most of the cases, a situation has more than one course of action. But they are never exclusive to each other. So our answer should be always “both follow” and not “either of them follows”.
=>If course of action and problems are properly balanced and if the course of action is also feasible than that action can be followed.
Types of pattern
1)Problem and Solution based :-
When the presented situation talks of a problem and the suggested course of action talk of a solution.
=> It solves / reduces of minimize the problem
=> the solution or course of action is practically Possible.
=> A suggested course of actions can be said to solve/reduce/minimize, the problem.
When; (a) It is an established fact. ie, It is acknowledged universally as a fact.
Note: A suggested course of action may indeed solve a problem but in practical life it may not be advisable or possible. If it is so, then the course of action is rejected.
Statement: A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.
Courses of Action: I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.
The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.
(1). Only I follows
(2). Only II follows
(3). Either I or II follows
(4). Neither I nor II follows
(5). Both I and II follow
(5) – Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. The action will reduce the problem. So, both the courses follow.
2)Fact and Improvement based:
When the presented situations talks of a simple fact (not a problem, just a situation) and the suggested courses of action suggest ways of improvement.
Format of the Problem: These types of questions contain two or more statement and these statements are followed by the number of Courses of Action. You have to find which Course of Action will logically follow from the given statement.
Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year.
Courses of Action: I. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.
II. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.
(1)Only I follows
(2) Only II follows
(3) Either I or II follows
(4) Neither I nor II follows
(5) Both I and II follow
Answers (4) – The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.